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El Cajon Mountain Trail Guide

El Cajon Mountain Trail Guide

In This Guide
  • Video and Turn-by-Turn Directions for the El Cajon Mountain Trail
  • Where to Park for the El Cajon Mountain Trail
  • Insider Tips and Hike Recommendations
Total Distance (?)12 miles (19.3 km)
Hike Time5-7 Hours (Total)
Difficulty (?)Hard
Total Ascent (?)4,000 feet (1219m)
Highest Elevation3,648 feet (1112m)
Fees & PermitsFree
Dogs AllowedLeashed
Alerts & Closures (?)El Capitan County Preserve
Park Phone619-561-0580
Weather & ForecastLatest Conditions
Stay SafeCopy this webpage link to the clipobard and share with a friend before you hike. Let them know when to expect you back.

Considered “the hardest hike in San Diego” by some (more on that later), the El Cajon Mountain Trail makes you work for it, even though the summit is only at 3,648 feet. El Cajon Mountain, which towers over eastern San Diego, dominates the skyline you drive down I-8. Its sheer granite cliff face is also colloquially known as El Capitan or El Cap, after the iconic granite rock face in Yosemite National Park. We won’t be going up the sheer cliff on this hike but instead taking a rolling trail through El Capitan County Preserve, known for its steep climbs on the way out AND back. Aside from a great workout, the payoff is spectacular views from Palm Springs to Mexico and the bragging rights to say you conquered El Cajon Mountain.

Where is El Cajon Mountain Trail?

The El Cajon Mountain Trail is located in El Capitan County Preserve, in the eastern park of San Diego. To get to the start of the hike, use this address:
13775 Blue Sky Ranch Road, Lakeside, CA 92040

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There’s a large parking lot at the start of the hike, but the opening hours are limited. Check the park website link at the top of the article for current hours.
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If you start the hike before the parking lot opens, there are spots on the street in front of the park entrance.

From the parking area, you walk 0.5 miles to the “trail trail.” At that point, you’ll find bathrooms. I’ll show you the way in the directions below.

Is El Cajon Hike the Hardest Hike in San Diego?

El Cajon Trail Directions 1
When you start from the parking lot, you’re presented with a sign warning you about proper hydration, the distance, the climbing, and all the fun stuff you’ll encounter on the hike. The park does a good job of making hikers aware of the rigors of this hike, and you’ll see warnings all along the route.

If you’ve been researching this hike, you have probably read about how tough it is. For most casual or average hikers, the El Cajon Mountain Trail will be very challenging. Here’s why:

Scared? Well, you shouldn’t be. If you’re in good shape and used to hiking this distance, you’ll be able to do this hike. Otherwise I’d do some build-up hikes first.

So is it the hardest hike? No, generally the hike to Rabbit Peak via Villager Peak in San Diego County is considered the toughest day hike. It’s 24 miles with about 8000 feet of climbing. About double what you’ll tackle on El Cajon Mountain.

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You’ll see these trail markers along the way that show a little elevation plot. This hike gets a lot of casual hikers who might be in over their heads, so the park tries to do whatever it can to make it clear that this hike is serious.

Gear For the Hike

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Trekking poles and good hiking footwear will help on these trails, which can be rocky and steep. Many of the trails you’ll hike here were old mining roads.

This is a proper hike and I recommend wearing proper hiking gear.

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Garmin Inreach Mini 2

Garmin InReach Mini 2
I’m a firm believer in carrying a satellite communications device which works where cell phones don’t. I use a Garmin InReach which lets me send text messages back and forth to my family to let them know that I’m okay or if my plans change when I’m out in the backcountry. It also has an SOS subscription built-in so that you can reach first-responders in an emergency. The devices also offer weather reports, GPS, and navigation functionality (what’s the difference between a GPS and satellite communicator?). For a few hundred bucks they could save your life, so for me it’s a no brainer to have something like a Garmin InReach. If you use a smartphone to navigate and want a more affordable option that integrates with your phone easily, check out the ZOLEO.

Latest Prices: Amazon | REI

Lone Peak 6 Yellow

Altra Lone Peak 6
For most people, the Altra Lone Peak is a solid choice that will leave your feet feeling great at the end of any hike. The feel is cushy and light, and if it had a car equivalent, this would be a Cadillac or Mercedes Sedan. The grip is great and they’re reasonably durable for this type of trail runner, which I think is better in most conditions than a hiking boot, and here’s why. The downside of this shoe is that it won’t last as long as something like the Terraventure 3 or Moab 2 (see alternate footwear choices at the bottom of my gear page). I’ve been using mine for many miles and my feet always feel great. I have a video on the details of the Altra Lone Peak 6 here.

Women’s Latest Prices: REI | Amazon 
Men’s Latest Prices: REI | Amazon 

Black Diamond Ergo Poles 2

Black Diamond Trail Ergo Cork Trekking Poles
I’ve gone back and forth on trekking poles, but I think for most people they are a good investment. They help you dig in on the uphills, provide stability on loose downhills, act as a brace when crossing streams, and can probably poke away aggressive wildlife in a pinch. The Trail Ergo Cork poles are a good balance of light weight, durability, affordability, and ease of use. If you want something ultralight and a little more pricey, I’ve had great luck with the Black Diamond Z Poles too.

Trail Ergo Poles: REI | Amazon 
Z-Poles: REI | Amazon 

Gregory Zulu 30

Gregory Zulu 30 & Jade 28
After testing quite a few backpacks, the Gregory Zulu 30 (and Jade 28 for women) is, for most hikers, the best all-season day-pack. First off, it’s very comfortable, and the mesh “trampoline” back keeps your back dry. Its 30L capacity is enough for all the essentials and plenty of layers for winter hiking. External pockets make it easy to grab gear. It’s hard to find something wrong with the pack; if anything, it could be a bit lighter, but overall, it’s not heavy. And its price-point makes it not only affordable but generally a great value.

Women’s Latest Prices: REIAmazon 
Men’s Latest Prices: REIAmazon 

Here’s my complete gear list that I personally use, have tested, and recommend, updated June 2022.

My June 2022 Top Gear Picks

No company pays me to promote or push a product, all the gear you see here is gear I use and recommend. If you click an a link and buy gear, I get a small commission that helps keep the website ad and promotion free. There is no cost to you.

El Cajon Mountain Trail Maps

Overall the trails are well marked and easy to navigate. There are a couple of unmarked parts that might be confusing, but I’ll cover those in the directions below.

Click Here To View

Explore Map on CalTopoView a Printable PDF Hike MapDownload the Hike GPX File

If you try to download the GPX file and your browser adds a “.txt” or “.xml” extension to it, simply rename it as a “.gpx” file.


How Are You Going to Navigate This Hike?
Here’s what I use. If you are a hardcore hiker and/or hike in extreme conditions, I recommend getting a dedicated GPS like a GPSMAP 66sr or 66i, or a wrist-based GPS with maps like the Garmin Fenix 7 or Epix. If you only hike in fair weather and a touchscreen is fine, or just want a solid tool, I highly recommend downloading the smartphone app, Gaia GPS. It’s a piece of cake to use and very powerful, just make sure your phone is in airplane mode so the battery doesn’t drain. You can also check for wildfires, weather, snow, and choose from dozens of map types with a premium membership (HikingGuy readers get a big discount here). Note that I also carry a paper map with me in case the phone dies or gets smashed.

To access this guide when out of cell phone range on the trail, simply save the webpage on your phone ( iPhoneAndroid ).

Elevation Profile

El Cajon Mountan Elevation
You can roughly break the hike down into three segments: the easier, rolling first three miles, the climb to Silverdome II, and then the climb to El Cajon Summit. Note that this is a one-way (to the summit) profile.

Landmarks on the Hike

Top of Initial Climb1.02050
Start of Silverdome II Climb2.71950
Halfway Bench3.22400
Mine Detour / Top of Climb3.82890
Start Last Climb4.52570
Summit Junction5.23220

3D Map

El Cajon Mountan 3d Map
The route is an out-and-back that winds over the slopes approaching El Cajon Mountain.

Hike Brief

San Diego Golden Star
Keep your eyes open for the rare San Diego Goldenstar, which is only found in the mountains around San Diego and in northern Baja. Photo USDA

El Cajon Mountain Trail Hike Directions

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Video Directions

Watch This Video In 360/VR Why 360/VR Is Great

Turn by Turn Directions

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From the parking area, head straight up the road. When the gate is closed, there’s a little path around the side.
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The road alternates between pavement and dirt, and is steep.
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Keep going straight up the hill. Blue Sky Ranch has produce you can take and pay for later with Venmo, very cool!
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After about 0.5 miles you’ll reach the entrance to the preserve.
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There’s a toilet here if you need to take care of business.
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Just past the toilet, look for the trail to the left.
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You’ll start climbing and pass a picnic bench.
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And then there’s a series of smaller switchbacks as you head uphill. This is the “nicest” climb on the hike in terms of gradient and ease.
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This one switchback can be confusing. Cut back along the rocks to the right.
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You’ll have nice views of Iron Mountain and Mount Woodson.
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After the swtichbacks the trail winds around to the east and you can get your first views of the El Cajon Mountain summit.
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You’ll also start to see the first of several interpretive displays about the 2003 Cedar Fire, which devastated this area. The fire was truly massive and burned many of San Diego’s popular hiking spots.
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When you dead end into the wider trail, make the hard left.
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Your first climb is over and now you’re in the easy phase of the hike. A rolling stretch until you start the climb to Silverdome II.
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Keep your eyes open for the first mile marker. One down, 11 to go!
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At the junction with the Pata Ranch Trail, go straight.
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You’ll have your first taste of some of the steeper downhills here. Remember that you have to climb this on your way back.
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Hike straight past the interpretive sign, which again warns hikers about the rigors of this route.
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You’ll have some nice views to the peaks in the south. The tall peak here is Los Pinos Mountain, home to a fire tower and about 10 miles north of the Mexican border.
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2 miles down! From here the climbs get tougher.
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You’ll have some steeper climbs on this rolling section.
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At the split, stay left.
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Soon you’ll reach a small peak with another interpretive display about the Cedar Fire.
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Look left here to check out the nice oak grove which survived the fire.
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And now you start heading uphill for real. The pictures don’t do the gradients justice. You have about 1.1 miles to the top of this climb, which I think is the hardest of the hike.
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Ignore the sign about the trail being washed out and continue.
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The climb is tough, so take lots of breaks, turn around, and enjoy the views. From this point you’ll be able to see back to the Pacific Ocean.
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At the trail split, stay straight. You can actually go either way, but straight is the official route.
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You’ll pass the 3 mile marker.
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The trail levels out for a hot second and you reach the halfway bench. Make the hard right to continue uphill.
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There’s a big stop sign warning hikers that they’re only halfway.
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If you’re wiped out at this point, or it’s late, you need to turn around. It’s not going to get much easier.
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Finish the last steep uphill section up Silverdome II.
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Toward the crest of the climb you’ll see a turnoff to the left for the mine. The mine trail is only 0.1 miles and worth a look.
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Check the mines out and then head back to continue on the main trail.
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The gradient eases up past the mine turnoff.
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And soon you’re heading downhill with nice views to the north. You should be able to see Hot Springs Mountain, the highest point in San Diego County, and on a clear day, Mt San Gorgonio in the Palm Springs area, the highest point in Southern California, about 100 miles away.
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Now you have a descent. On the way down, you’ll pass a spring on the right. Unfortunately the water is not potable.
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You’ll pass the 4 mile marker on the descent.
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And then you have a few minutes of a flatter section as you approach the final climb.
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And now you start the final climb. The good news is that it’s easier than the climb to Silverdome II. The bad news is that it’s not easy. Take your time and head up the steep slopes. The climb from here to the summit is about 1.2 miles.
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At around 5 miles, you’ll pass the rusty old mining truck. It’s hard to imagine how it got up here.
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Alright, you’ve reached the summit junction. Make the left to continue to El Cajon Summit.

You can make a side trip to the right to reach El Capitan Summit. It’s about 0.2 miles. The option to go straight ahead will bring you to the top of the sheer cliff face. It was once open to hikers, but is now private property and closed to protect the golden eagle nesting areas.

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Go straight toward the green posts from the summit junction.
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After a short climb you’ll see the summit dome ahead.
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Pick your way up the steep trail. You’ll have to pull yourself up some rocks, and at times the trail splits and rejoins.
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This section isn’t a technical scramble, but it is steep and rocky.
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As you approach the top, keep your eyes open for these light green posts.
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Toward the summit the light green posts will guide you through the boulders, and you should see them every few feet.
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Soon you’ll see the summit in front of you.
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An here you are, at the top of El Cajon Mountain!
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To the east you’ll see Cuyamaca.
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To the north, Hot Springs Mountain, and on a clear day, San Gorgonio and Mt Baldy.
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To the west, San Diego.
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And to the south, the southern part of Cleveland National Forest and the San Diego River Gorge.
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From here, grab your selfies and head back down the way you came! Remember that you still have some climbing to do, so pace yourself.
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The trail signs in this direction all point to the parking lot.
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Go ahead and bag El Capitan on the way down, it’s only a few minutes extra.
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This shot gives you an idea of the steepness of the descents. You’ll probably go much slower than you normally would on a regular descent because of the steepness and loose rock.

This guide last updated on February 3, 2022. Did something change on this hike? If so, please contact me and let me know. I'll update the guide.

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